Migraines are a type of headache characterized by intense pain on one side of the head, often accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, sensitivity to light and sound, and visual disturbances. Migraines can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, stress, hormonal changes, certain foods, and environmental triggers. Treatment for migraines can include medication, lifestyle changes, and alternative therapies, and the best approach will depend on the individual case. In some cases, preventive measures can help reduce the frequency and severity of migraines.

Causes of Migraines

The exact cause of migraines is not fully understood, but they are thought to be the result of a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some common triggers of migraines include:

  • Hormonal changes in women, such as those related to menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause
  • Stress
  • Lack of sleep
  • Certain foods and drinks, such as alcohol, caffeine, chocolate, and processed foods
  • Sensory stimuli, such as bright lights, strong smells, and loud noises
  • Changes in weather patterns
  • Medications
  • Skipped meals or fasting

It’s important to keep a headache diary to help identify your specific triggers and to work with a doctor to develop a treatment plan.

Signs and Symptoms of Migraines:

The signs and symptoms of migraines can vary from person to person, but common symptoms include:

  • Severe, pulsating or throbbing headache, usually on one side of the head
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sensitivity to light (photophobia) and sound (phonophobia)
  • Blurred vision or visual disturbances, such as flashing lights or blind spots (aura)
  • Unusual tiredness or fatigue
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Stiff neck
  • Yawning
  • Depression or irritability

In some cases, migraines can also cause temporary vision loss or double vision. The symptoms of migraines can last from a few hours to several days. If you experience frequent or severe migraines, it’s important to see a doctor for proper evaluation and treatment.

Treatment for Migraines

Physical therapy, or physiotherapy, can be an effective treatment for migraines in some cases. Physiotherapy treatment for migraines may include the following interventions:

Exercise: Regular exercise can help reduce stress, improve sleep, and reduce the frequency and intensity of migraines.

Manual therapy: Manipulating the neck and head can help release tension and reduce pain.

Posture correction: Improving posture can reduce the strain on the neck and head, reducing the likelihood of migraines.

Relaxation techniques: Relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, and mindfulness can help reduce stress and prevent migraines.

Heat and cold therapy: Applying heat or cold to the neck and head can help reduce pain and relax muscles.

It’s important to work with a physiotherapist who has experience treating migraines to develop a personalized treatment plan. In some cases, physiotherapy may be used in combination with medication, lifestyle changes, and alternative therapies for the best results.

If you have any questions or would like to speak to a therapist about migraines please call us at 03 9836 1126.



Smith, J. M., & Johnson, R. (2021). The effects of physiotherapy on migraine headache intensity: A randomized controlled trial. Physical Therapy

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